Tuesday, 31 October 2017

1837/1838 ... CONVICT SERVANTS, STOCK HOLDINGS IN COLONY, EMIGRANT ARRIVALS- VARIOUS SHIPS, TROVE TUESDAY, 31ST OCT, 2017









Pumpkin Cottage, Illawarra, the first family residence of Henry Osborn in New South Wales / drawn by Robert Hoddle, Surveyor, 1830 

Hoddle, Robert, 1794-1881
Hoddle, Robert, 1794-1881 Courtesy of State Library, NSW






Among the many items discussed in this edition of 

Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), Thursday 17 August 1837, page 4 

National Library of Australia
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2212483 

is a very detailed list of the holdings  of the land and stock owners in the colony...it makes quite interesting reading.


As always, please click to enlarge..



Several stock owners were called to give details of their holdings


The next lot of articles details the voyages of emigrant ships... the first being the 'Adam Lodge' with emigrants from Ireland... Not only does this give a breakdown of the numbers of men, women and children, but also what was required for the voyage...It states what was to be used for each day of the voyage, how long certain food items lasted, the health of those on board and a whole lot of miscellaneous details.



Then we move on to the 'John Barry', with emigrants from Scotland... written on 27th July, 1837.


A discussion of what skills were needed in the new colony was to follow.. along with what they should be paid, some even earning the princely sum of up to£30 a year!




Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), Saturday 15 July 1837, page 2

National Library of Australia
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2211930 

The Sydney Gazette (as above) brought news about a report of a violent and raging fever thought to be on board the 'John Barry' which was newly arrived from Scotland.







Shipping lists for 'John Barry' arrriving 8th September, 1837



'John Barry'… immigration from State Records, NSW

Image: An emigrant ship bound for Australia, c. 1840. (Illustrated London News




In the following year, 1838, an edition of the Colonist published an anonymous letter re the Management of Convict Servants... I think it is safe to assume it was written by a man. The first paragraph talks about the need to "to restrain and control the vicious propensities of the assigned (especially females) is not only rendered abortive..."

 The Female Factory is mentioned yet again..


Colonist (Sydney, NSW : 1835 - 1840), Wednesday 24 January 1838, page 2 
National Library of Australia
http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article31720336 



'Digging and bagging potatoes', the Warrnambool potato harvest 1881 from the 'Illustrated. '


Until 1810 the government issued convicts ordinary civilian clothing or 'slops'. However, with the increasing number of free settlers, it became necessary to set the convicts apart. The new uniform included winter clothing which consisted of a coarse woollen jacket, a waistcoat of yellow or grey cloth, a pair of trousers, a pair of woollen stockings (long socks), a pair of shoes, two cotton or linen shirts, a neckerchief and hat.







2 comments:

  1. I have just corrected about half of this report, up to "SATURDAY, JULY 22 1832", if anyone should wish to fix the rest?
    I don't have a personal connection to this story, other than it adds to the social history of the ancestral families who lived in the colonies at the time.
    If everyone who uses Trove for their research would correct a segment, whether it pertains to their records or not, then imagine how much could be done in the space of a year?

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thank you for that, Erynne, that is very good of you. Normally I go back and correct if I don't have time when I am posting, this one was far too long for me to do so when posting late last night. I correct about 2-4 hours a week normally. It sure would help if others would spend even half an hour or so to correct just a little.
    Thanks again, it is appreciated.

    ReplyDelete