Tuesday, 12 November 2019

CONVICTS IN TASMANIA c1831.. Absconders, Certificates of Freedom, Tickets of Leave... TROVE TUESDAY 12 Nov 2019




The convict establishment at Premaydena (WL Crowther Library, SLT)  Convict





These excerpts from Tasmanian papers will cover 
Certificates of Freedom (blue line)..
Tickets of Leave (green line)
Absconded convicts (red arrow)

There is so much available, not only in TROVE, but the Tasmanian goverment sites have very comprehensive records.. a researcher's dream. Not all records are online, but you can contact the State Library and State Archives for help. Many of the records that are online can take a lot of patience to download page by page. I tend to work out approx. how many entries are on page, then try to estimate how many pages will take me to the initial letter of the name I am looking for. Definitely not ideal, as you have no way of knowing how many of each initial letter will be on a page, but at least it's a start.

Don't dismiss an initial search, first looking via Google or.. with surname, christian name and either ship if you know it or approximate year.

One of the most helpful sites if you know the name only is 
https://convictrecords.com.au
You can also search by year of transportation and name of ship.


For now, I have selected the year 1831... and thereabouts...more posts will follow.

Certificates Of Freedom were entered into ledgers such as this...

        
You can see the whole ledger, albeit page by page,  here




Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 3 August 1831,
National Library of Australia http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646004
Please click to enlarge..






Impression Bay convict station building 
Later known as Premaydena

Most know of the convict settlement at Port Arthur, but less known is Impression Bay, which is approx. 19km NE of Port Arthur. 

"It opened in 1841, initially growing vegetables, and by 1846, there were 445 convicts based at the station and four doctors were employed. A long tramway ran through the middle of the settlement to a jetty on Premaydena Bay." You can read more about it here and here.



Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 31 August 1831, page 4
National Library of Australia   http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646051






Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 28 September 1831
National Library of Australia  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646095




You have to love this Government Notice...I wonder if it worked..

Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 5 October 1831, page 4 (3)
National Library of Australia  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646101



Note that a reward was offered regards to the return of the absconded convicts. I hadn't seen that previously.



Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 7 December 1831, page 4
National Library of Australia  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article8646203





Some of the convicts were photographed, which makes it even more interesting if we find an ancestor among them, however with many we are lucky to find out just a little as in the ones just mentioned below.

 Tasmanian Archive and Heritage Office: From the GD128 series
Name unknown

Snippets from Convict Records
Selected at random...

William Winpenny Buckley, one of 180 convicts transported on the Medina, 19 April 1825

https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/buckley/william-winpenny/75465

(Referred to above in Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 3 August 1831, page 4)

Crime:-
Convicted at:York Assizes
Sentence term:7 years
Ship:Medina
Departure date:19th April, 1825
Arrival date:14th September, 1825 
Place of arrivalVan Diemen's Land
Passenger manifestTravelled with 179 other convicts

Elizabeth Johnson, one of 103 convicts transported on the Providence, 06 June 1821

https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/johnson/elizabeth/81464

(mentioned above in Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 3 August 1831, page 4 (2) )

Crime:-
Convicted at:Middlesex Gaol Delivery
Sentence term:Life
Ship:Providence
Departure date:6th June, 1821
Arrival date:7th January, 1822 
Place of arrivalNew South Wales
Passenger manifestTravelled with 102 other convicts
             Convict Ship to VDL    No.  Age.       Trial Date & Place
Johnson, Elizabeth Providence II 36   31     26 February 1825 at Northampton, England

https://www.femaleconvicts.org.au/docs/lists/ConvictsInDatabase.pdf



Martin McGregor, one of 200 convicts transported on the Prince Regent, 17 August 1829

https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/mcgregor/martin/47807

(mentioned above in Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 7 December 1831, page 4 (5))

Crime:-
Convicted at:Glasgow Court of Justiciary
Sentence term:14 years
Ship:Prince Regent
Departure date:17th August, 1829
Arrival date:10th January, 1830 
Place of arrivalVan Diemen's Land
Passenger manifestTravelled with 199 other convicts


Ellen Roberts, one of 100 convicts transported on the Harmony, 09 September 1828

https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/roberts/ellen/89641

(mentioned above in Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Wednesday 31 August 1831, page 4 )

Crime:-
Convicted at:Denbigh Great Session
Sentence term:14 years
Ship:Harmony
Departure date:9th September, 1828
Arrival date:14th January, 1829 
Place of arrivalVan Diemen's Land
Passenger manifestTravelled with 100 other convicts

Random selection of convict photos

Tasmanian Archive and Heritage OfficeFrom the GD128 series
Further Reading:


*  Convict Records





More links in future posts..


Tuesday, 5 November 2019

ABSCONDED CONVICTS, STOLEN CERTIFICATES & TICKETS OF LEAVE TROVE TUESDAY 5th Nov 2019






ABSCONDED CONVICTS, STOLEN CERTIFICATES  & TICKETS OF LEAVE 



New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900), Friday 7 January 1848 (No.4), page 30  National Library of Australia  http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article230129001



The descriptions and details in these notices is so detailed... absolute genie gold for anyone who finds one of their convicts in these lists...

Name, ship's name, age, origin, occupation, height, complexion, hair colour, eye colour, tattoo/s if applicable, where they absconded from...and when.
Some mention scars, deformities, moles; some name who they were assigned to and where; some mention their crimes.. 

If you can claim one or more from these entries, please add a comment below... that might lead you to others researching the same person. Information shared can be vey helpful...






AU-T2-T-119-The-First-Fleet-Certificate-of-Freedom-Activity-Sheet













http://www.sro.wa.gov.au/copyright





http://www.sro.wa.gov.au/copyright







Notice offering a conditional pardon to Ticket-of-Leave men who will serve in the police force
(State Library of Victoria, H22214)






A few details on some of those listed...


ATKINSON William

https://www.jenwilletts.com/AtkinsonHolmes.htm


https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/atkinson/william/104336

Crime:-
Convicted at:London Gaol Delivery
Sentence term:Life
Ship:Guildford
Departure date:22nd March, 1827
Arrival date:25th July, 1827 
Place of arrivalNew South Wales
Passenger manifestTravelled with 191 other convicts

More information on the voyage, etc.  thanks to Jen Willetts...
https://www.jenwilletts.com/convict_ship_guildford_1827.htm


****

CHURCHILL Anthony



https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts/churchill/anthony/6875

Date of Birth:1815
Occupation:Plasterer and tiler
Date of Death:-
Age:-
Convicted at:Central Criminal CourtSentence term:7 years
Departure date:6th June, 1837
Arrival date:9th October, 1837 
Place of arrivalNew South Wales
Passenger manifestTravelled with 248 other convicts

D Wong on 10th April, 2014 wrote:
Old Bailey:
ANTHONY CHURCHILL was indicted for stealing, on the 21st of February, 1 breast-pin, value 4s., the goods of Robert Archibald Williams, from his person.

Anthony came from Mayo County, Ireland.  He was 5’7 1/4” tall, dark ruddy complexion, black hair, nostrils wide, tattoos.
14/7/1848: Absconded from Norfolk Island in a whale boat since 2/6/1841.
Nothing found on how he got to Norfolk Island.

Churchill had absconded again in 1846...
****

PYE  James


https://immigrantships.net/1800/maryridgeway18400420.html

Pye       James      27  R        Catholic      Married     Norwich             
House carpenter          Highway robbery            Adelaide    05-Mar-1840    Life      None

5' 10"                   Dark Sallow                Black       Brown

Diagonal scar over inner corner of left eyebrow, both little fingers inclining inwards, breast a little hairy, scar outside right knee, scar on cap of left knee

TROVE.. further mentions





****




Tuesday, 29 October 2019

NSW POLICE GAZETTE & WEEKLY RECORD OF CRIME 7 JAN 1925 Trove Tuesday 29 Oct 2019







NSW Police - 1925-30 Lithgow Police  Some rights reserved

INSTRUCTIONS TO POLICE



The Police in earlier years sure had it tough... so often, we seek the stories of convicts and criminals... this Police Gazette, from 1925, gives some idea of what the rules and regulations were for the police in that time. 

This Gazette lists the guidelines for dealing with many of the offences, etc. that the police would come across, and lists the areas of jurisdiction.

By the way... did you know... The first police force in the Colony was made up of the eight of the best-behaved convicts. 
Reference
New South Wales Police Gazette and Weekly Record of Crime (Sydney : 1860 - 1930), Wednesday 7 Jan 1925 National Library of Australia http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article252054495








































Police offices, George St. Sydney, N.S.W.
Author / Creator Harvey, John Henry, 1855-1938 photographer.
Date [ca. 1900-ca.1930]      This work is out of copyright.




Creator    Mildenhall, William James 1891-1962
Display by NSW mounted police outside Parliament House [picture] / W.J. Mildenhall
Call Number  PIC P583 Album 827      Created/Published 1901-1948  







NSW Police - 1920 various Patrol Cars  Some rights reserved






Henry Pierce, special photograph number D95, 12 August 1929, 
Central Police Station, Sydney





Matilda Devine, 27 May 1925. State Reformatory for Women, 
Long Bay, NSW. 
(NSW Police Forensic Photography Archive, 
Justice and Police Museum, Sydney Living Museums.)





Tilly Devine & The Razor Gang Wars   927-1931 


PLEASE NOTE: Can anyone identify the men in the very first photo please? We would love to be able to add names to these fine gentlemen. You can just add them to Comments below.

Thank you. 


Further Reading : 

Tilly Devine.. a small selection

FRAILTY AND FURY. A DIN IN THE DEPTHS. Holy Hunter-street Horrified. ROSIE AND EVA DREADFULLY DISAGREE. Former Charges Eva with "Bodily Harm"; but Magistrate Discharges Her.

QUARTER SESSIONS.

THE WEEK'S HAUL. WHAT THE POLICEMEN SAW Xmas Belles Caught Ringing. Peregrinating Pavement Peri's Paraded.

WASH-DAY Helen, Tommy and Grandmamma HARD QUERIES

"I Want His Blood" Was Gunman's Own Death Knell FATAL END TO GANG VENDETTA How Gaffney Was Slain Before House of Intended Victim UNDERWORLD AT CORONER'S INQUIRY

GANG WAR. Remarkable Developments. SILENCE BROKEN. PARASITES OF THE UNDERWORLD.

THREE MEN Slashed With Razors FOURTH MAN STABBED ATTACKS SHROUDED IN MYSTERY. SYDNEY, Sunday.

Henry Pierce... a small selection

COCAINE CASE. THREE PERSONS CHARGED. SYDNEY, Monday.

Dope Seller's Impudent Daring Led to Dramatic Arrest PEDDLED "SNOW" AT ENTRANCE TO CENTRAL POLICE COURT Gave "Sniffs" to Defendants Before They Faced the Bench SCHEME WAS TOO RECKLESS TO LAST

3 FINED £350 SEQUEL TO DARLINGHURST RAID SYDNEY, Wednesday.

ROUNDING UP DOPE GANG. TEN CHARGED IN TWO DAYS. HEAVY FINES.

Police History .. a small selection

History - NSW Police Public Sitehttps://www.police.nsw.gov.au › Home › About us

1788 - 1888 - NSW Police Public Sitehttps://www.police.nsw.gov.au › Home › About us › History

Australia's First Cops Were All Criminals - National Geographichttps://www.nationalgeographic.com.au › News › History

History | Australian Capital Territory Policing - ACT Policinghttps://police.act.gov.au › about-us › history

Police | NT Police, Fire & Emergency Services - PFES (NT)www.pfes.nt.gov.au › police

AUSTRALIAN FEDERAL POLICE ... - Parliament of Australiahttps://www.aph.gov.au › House_of_Representatives_Committees › sub70

Police Records | SRO - State Records Office of Western ...www.sro.wa.gov.au › archive-collection › collection › police-records

Police gazettes, court and gaol records | Australian Institute of ...https://aiatsis.gov.au › finding-your-family › family-history-sources › poli...

Victoria Police Museumhttps://www.policemuseum.vic.gov.au

History » The South Australian Police Clubwww.policeclub.com.au › the-history-of-the-police-club-in-south-australia

The history of women in the police servicehttps://aic.gov.au › publications › proceedings › downloads › 16-nixon

NSW Police History Index | Australian Policehttps://www.australianpolice.com.au › nsw-police-history-index

Police gazettes: family history research guide (State Library of ...www.slq.qld.gov.au › resources › family-history › police-gazettes