Tuesday, 11 July 2017


TICKETS OF LEAVE, Certificates Of Freedom - Issue 2

Courtesy of Wikipedia

From Issue 1, we know that Certificates of Freedom and Tickets of Leave were very similar.

TICKETS OF LEAVE... from the National Library of Australia

Ticket of leave

A ticket of leave allowed convicts to work for themselves provided that they remained in a specified area, reported regularly to local authorities and attended divine worship every Sunday, if possible. They could not leave the colony.

CERTIFICATE OF FREEDOM... from the National Library of Australia

Certificate of freedom

A certificate of freedom was issued at the completion of a convict's sentence, as proof he/she was a free person. They were free to travel anywhere, and could return to the United Kingdom (if they could afford it!).

Tickets of Leave also varied.. above is a Ticket of Leave Passport, dated thirteenth of February, 1846.

These are different versions, courtesy of AMW, 

 They show signs of being carried for some time. Convicts had to carry their paperwork with them always. If you are researching a convict, then you can search the Indexes at the State Archives, New South Wales. Tickets of Leave, 1810-75

You can then request a copy via the link provided there. That will partially fill out an email for you. The cost varies according to how much information is available. However, do a search first, as you may find a copy elsewhere...do respect copyright.

In 1843, a fee was introduced.. when changing from one district to another or for a replacement. You can see why the old and sometimes tattered papers were held on to. This would have been a great impost on the average person. Perhaps the lucky ones who had found work in different districts may have been able to have this fee paid for them by their new employer, no doubt it still would have to have been paid back over time.

Tue 17 Jan 1843 - New South Wales Government Gazette (Sydney, NSW : 1832 - 1900) Page 91 - TICKETS OF LEAVE AND CERTIFICATES OF FREEDOM.
Colonial Secretary's Office,
Sydney, 12th January, 1843.

HIS Excellency the Governor directs it to be notified, that a Fee of Two shillings and six
pence will henceforth be charged at the Office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts, whenever the holder of a Ticket of Leave is allowed, for his own convenience, to have his Ticket changed from one District to another.

His Excellency also directs it to be notified, that parties who may require to have their original Certificates of Freedom renewed, in consequence of being mutilated or otherwise defaced, will be required to pay the same Fee of Two shillings and six-pence at
the Office of the Principal Superintendent of Convicts. By His Excellency's Command,

Courtesy of AMW

Some more lists.. there are quite a number available... you can search TROVE by date or name, most are listed as Certificates of Freedom, some by Tickets of Leave.. and both can be found in newspapers and/or Government Gazettes.

 Click to enlarge..

Australasian Chronicle (Sydney, NSW : 1839 - 1843), Thursday 11 November 1841, page 4 (4) 

Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848), Wednesday 19 October 1842, page 4 

Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), Friday 24 February 1843, page 3 

National Library of Australia

An interesting item..
To the editors of the Sydney Morning Herald.
GENTLEMEN - A paragraph headed "Certificates of Freedom" appearing in this morning's Herald, claims from me some notice, particularly, as such a report would be, by many, likely to be credited. 
  The facts of the case are simply these: Calwell with is wife, called at this office on the 27th ultimo, to claim her certificate of freedom, which was a day previous to her being free. With a view to prevent their being delayed I entertained the application, and desired the woman to call the following afternoon to receive it; she did call, accompanied by her husband, and upon the latter hearing of their being desired to wait a little, became so loud in his vociferations, threatening me with the ire of the Press, the Governor, and the Corporation Council assembled, as was a Citizen, and paid taxes; I was therefore compelled to have him removed from the office; from which language, I think you will infer he was labouring under the influence of the jolly god.
      Such, gentleman, is the true version of this story; and with Caldwell's assertion and the fifteen shillings, he is a wilful liar and a slanderer, and I dare him now to to the proof of it.
       I beg, gentleman, you will insert this letter in your next publication.
            I am, Gentlemen, 
                     Your most obedient servant
                                        PHILIP SNAPE
Principal Superintendent of Convict's Office,  
                  February 23, 1843                

Colonial Times (Hobart, Tas. : 1828 - 1857), Tuesday 28 January 1845, page 2 


I found this interesting in that it lists the date that Certicates of Freedom would be granted, also the ship that the convicts listed, were transported on.

Colonial Secretary’s Office, Jan.27, 1845

 The periods for which the undermentioned per-
sons were transported expiring at the date placed 
after their respective names, Certificates of their 
Freedom may be obtained then, or at any subse-
quent time, upon application at the Office of the 
Comptroller-Generalof Convicts, Hobart Town,
or at that of a Police Magistrate in the interior:
Asia — Hugh Grant, 16th February, 1845
Coromandel —-William Carter, 28th February;
John Looney, 28th ditto; John Murphy, 15th 
ditto; Edward Williams, 28th ditto
Claudine—Joseph Whitehouse, 2nd February
Gilmore—George Brinsley, 25th February;
Thomas Miller, 26th ditto; Richard Mackerith, 
17th ditto; Robert Yee, 26th ditto
Guilford —William Parker, 26th February; James
Edward Heath, 15th ditto; William Wilson, 28th
Maria—Joseph Thomas, 12th February
Neptune—William Tilley, 14th February
Pyramus—Henry Butcher, 26th February;
James Bain, 5th ditto; George Howard, 26th 
ditto; Alexander McKay, 12th ditto; John
Spears, 12th ditto
Prince Regent—Ralph Peel, 27th February
Roslyn Castle—Francis McCann, 22nd February
Royal Sovereign—James Harris, 27th February
Recovery—Alexander Payne, 28th February 
Runnymede—James Pigeon, 26th February
Susan—John Basson, 27th February;
John Davis, 27th ditto
Strathfieldsay—William Mark, 17th February; John 
Davis, 27th ditto
William Glen Anderson—Charles Haynes, 17th

Mary—Charlotte Smith, 17th February
Nautilus—Grace Davie, 19th February; Agnes
Macintosh, 26th ditto
Plating—Violet Alexander, 27th February
By His Excellency’s Command
                               J.E. Bicheno

There are many websites that concern Tickets of Leave, Certificates of Freedom.. including most State Archives, National Library of Australia and State Libraries, also Wikipedia.

 Issue 3 of this series will concentrate on Conditional Pardons and Conditional Release.

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